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What is carbon dating used to determine

The age of fossils can be determined using stratigraphy, biostratigraphy, and radiocarbon dating. The study of stratigraphy enables scientists to determine the age of a fossil if they know the age of layers of rock that surround it. Biostratigraphy enables scientists to match rocks with particular fossils to other rocks with those fossils to determine age. Paleontology seeks to map out how life evolved across geologic time. A substantial hurdle is the difficulty of working out fossil ages. Scientists use carbon dating when determining the age of fossils that are less than 60, years old, and that are composed of organic materials such as wood or leather.
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Radiocarbon dating

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Carbon 14 Dating - Math Central

One Scientist May Have an Easy Fix If only there were such an easy fix for climate change Radiocarbon dating has been used to determine of the ages of ancient mummies, in some cases going back more than years. His technique, known as carbon dating, revolutionized the field of archaeology. Related Content Climate Change Might Break Carbon Dating Now researchers could accurately calculate the age of any object made of organic materials by observing how much of a certain form of carbon remained, and then calculating backwards to determine when the plant or animal that the material came from had died. An isotope is a form of an element with a certain number of neutrons, which are the subatomic particles found in the nucleus of an atom that have no charge. While the number of protons and electrons in an atom determine what element it is, the number of neutrons can vary widely between different atoms of the same element. Nearly 99 percent of all carbon on Earth is Carbon, meaning each atom has 12 neutrons in its nucleus. The shirt you're wearing, the carbon dioxide you inhale and the animals and plants you eat are all formed mostly of Carbon
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How Does Carbon Dating Work

Radioactive Dating Radioactivity is often used in determining how old something is; this is known as radioactive dating. When carbon is used the process is called radiocarbon dating, but radioactive dating can involve other radioactive nuclei. The trick is to use a half-life which is of the order of, or somewhat smaller than, the age of the object.
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The stable form of carbon is carbon 12 and the radioactive isotope carbon 14 decays over time into nitrogen 14 and other particles. Carbon is naturally in all living organisms and is replenished in the tissues by eating other organisms or by breathing air that contains carbon. At any particular time all living organisms have approximately the same ratio of carbon 12 to carbon 14 in their tissues. When an organism dies it ceases to replenish carbon in its tissues and the decay of carbon 14 to nitrogen 14 changes the ratio of carbon 12 to carbon Experts can compare the ratio of carbon 12 to carbon 14 in dead material to the ratio when the organism was alive to estimate the date of its death.
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